1921
Volume 93, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a tick-borne viral disease. The SFTS virus (SFTSV) has been detected in the , which acts as a transmission host between animals and humans. SFTSV was first confirmed in China in 2009 and has also been circulating in Japan and South Korea. However, it is not known if a genetic connection exists between the viruses in these regions and, if so, how SFTSV is transmitted across China, South Korea, and Japan. We therefore hypothesize that the SFTSV in South Korea share common phylogenetic origins with samples from China and Japan. Further, we postulate that migratory birds, well-known carriers of the tick , are a potential source of SFTSV transmission across countries. Our phylogenetic analysis results show that the SFTSV isolates in South Korea were similar to isolates from Japan and China. We connect this with previous work showing that SFTSV-infected were found in China, South Korea, and Japan. In addition, were found on migratory birds. The migratory bird routes and the distribution of are concurrent with the occurrence of SFTSV. Therefore, we suggest that migratory birds play an important role in dispersing -borne SFTSV.

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2015-09-02
2017-11-25
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  • Received : 19 Jan 2015
  • Accepted : 25 Apr 2015

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