Volume 93, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The standard treatment of mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) is pentavalent antimonials, agents with serious adverse effects. Alternative agents include amphotericin B deoxycholate and liposomal amphotericin B. We performed a retrospective study including 29 patients treated with liposomal amphotericin B, most of whom had comorbidities, history of previous treatment of ML, and contraindications to the use of antimonial pentavalent or amphotericin B deoxycholate. We observed a cure rate of 93.1%. Kidney failure was the most important side effect, reported in five patients (17.2%). This study showed a good efficacy and safety profile of liposomal amphotericin B in patients with ML and contraindications to the use of other agents.


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  • Received : 14 Jan 2015
  • Accepted : 20 Jul 2015

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