1921
Volume 92, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Prospectively collected, contemporary data are lacking on how the features of infective endocarditis (IE) vary according to region. We, therefore, compared IE in Rennes, France and Khon Kaen, Thailand. Fifty-eight patients with confirmed IE were enrolled at each site during 2011 and 2012 using a common protocol. Compared with French patients, Thais had a lower median age (47 versus 70 years old; < 0.001) and reported more animal contact (86% versus 21%; < 0.001). There were more zoonotic infections among Thai than France patients (6 and 1 cases; = 0.017) and fewer staphylococcal infections (4 versus 15 cases; = 0.011). Underlying rheumatic heart disease was more prevalent in Thai than in French patients (31% and 4%; = 0.001), whereas prosthetic heart valves were less prevalent (9% and 35%; = 0.001). Our data strengthen previous observations that IE in the tropics has distinctive demographic characteristics, risk factors, and etiologies and underscore the need for improved prevention and control strategies.

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2015-04-01
2017-09-20
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  • Received : 31 Oct 2014
  • Accepted : 13 Dec 2014

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