Volume 94, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



India bears the burden of about half of global visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases with emerging problems of stibanate resistance. Liposomal preparations have improved treatment outcome through shorter duration of therapy and lower toxicity compared with conventional amphotericin B. We report the efficacy of two short-course regimens of an Indian preparation of liposomal amphotericin B (Fungisome™) for VL caused by in India. An open-label, randomized, single-center comparative study was undertaken from 2008 to 2011, involving 120 treatment naive non–human immunodeficiency virus VL patients randomly allocated to two groups. Fungisome™ was given, in groups A ( = 60), 5 mg/kg daily for 2 days and B ( = 60), 7.5 mg/kg daily for 2 days, as intravenous infusion. Initial cure rate was 100% in both the groups after 1 month posttreatment. At 6 months after completion of treatment, definitive cure rate was group A 90% (54/60, 95% confidence interval (CI): 80.55–95.72%); group B: 100% (95% CI: 95.92–100%); ( = 0.027). No serious adverse events occurred in either group. The short-course, 2-day regimen of 15 mg/kg Fungisome™ infusion is easy to administer, effective, and safe for treatment of VL caused by in India.


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  • Received : 19 Oct 2014
  • Accepted : 20 Sep 2015
  • Published online : 06 Jan 2016

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