Volume 92, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (AHI) refers to the period between viral transmission and development of an adaptive immune response to HIV antigens (seroconversion) usually lasting 6–8 weeks. Rare cases have been described in which HIV-infected patients fail to seroconvert and instead, develop rapid HIV-mediated clinical decline. We report the case of a Mozambican woman with AHI and malaria coinfection who showed atypical seroconversion and experienced rapid deterioration and death within 14 weeks of diagnosis with AHI. Atypical seroconversion may be associated with rapid progression. Fourth generation rapid tests could lead to earlier identification and intervention for this vulnerable subgroup.


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  • Received : 02 Sep 2014
  • Accepted : 16 Dec 2014
  • Published online : 01 Apr 2015

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