1921
Volume 93, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Lice are among the oldest parasites of humans representing an excellent marker of the evolution and migration of our species over time. Here, we analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) developed in this study the mitochondrial DNA of seven ancient head louse eggs found on hair remains recovered from two sites in Israel: 1) five nits dating from Chalcolithic period (4,000 ) were found in the Cave of the Treasure located at Nahal Mishmar, in the Judean Desert and 2) two nits dating from Early Islamic Period ( 650–810) were found in Nahal Omer in the Arava Valley (between Dead Sea and Red Sea). Our results suggest that these eggs belonged to people originating from west Africa based on identification of the louse mitochondrial sub-clade specific to that region.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0552
2015-09-02
2017-11-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/93/3/623.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0552&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Raoult D, Roux V, , 1999. The body louse as a vector of reemerging human diseases. Clin Infect Dis 29: 888911.[Crossref]
  2. Chosidow O, Chastang C, Brue C, Bouvet E, Izri M, Monteny N, Bastuji-Garin S, Rousset JJ, Revuz J, , 1994. Controlled study of malathion and d-phenothrin lotions for Pediculus humanus var capitis-infested schoolchildren. Lancet 344: 17241727.[Crossref]
  3. Houhamdi L, Lepidi H, Drancourt M, Raoult D, , 2006. Experimental model to evaluate the human body louse as a vector of plague. J Infect Dis 194: 15891596.[Crossref]
  4. Reed DL, Smith VS, Hammond SL, Rogers AR, Clayton DH, , 2004. Genetic analysis of lice supports direct contact between modern and archaic humans. PLoS Biol 2: e340.[Crossref]
  5. Boutellis A, Abi-Rached L, Raoult D, , 2014. The origin and distribution of human lice in the world. Infect Genet Evol 23: 209217.[Crossref]
  6. Mumcuoglu KY, Raoult D, , 2008. Human lice: Pediculus and Pthirus . , eds. Paleomicrobiology: Past Human Infections. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 215222.
  7. Araujo A, Ferreira LF, Guidon N, Maues Da Serra FN, Reinhard KJ, Dittmar K, , 2000. Ten thousand years of head lice infection. Parasitol Today 16: 269.[Crossref]
  8. Raoult D, Reed DL, Dittmar K, Kirchman JJ, Rolain JM, Guillen S, Light JE, , 2008. Molecular identification of lice from pre-Columbian mummies. J Infect Dis 197: 535543.[Crossref]
  9. Boutellis A, Drali R, Rivera MA, Mumcuoglu KY, Raoult D, , 2013. Evidence of sympatry of clade A and clade B head lice in a pre-Columbian Chilean mummy from Camarones. PLoS One 8: e76818.[Crossref]
  10. Bar-Adon P, , 1980. The Cave of the Treasure: The Finds from the Caves in Nahal Mishmar. Jerusalem, Israel: Israel Exploration Society.
  11. Baginski A, Shamir O, , 1995. Early Islamic textiles, basketry and cordage from Nahal Omer, Israel. Aticot 26: 2142.
  12. Negev A, , 1966. The date of the Petra–Gaza road. Palest Explor Q 98: 8998.[Crossref]
  13. Larkin MA, Blackshields G, Brown NP, Chenna R, McGettigan PA, McWilliam H, Valentin F, Wallace IM, Wilm A, Lopez R, Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Higgins DG, , 2007. Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics 23: 29472948.[Crossref]
  14. Tamura K, Stecher G, Peterson D, Filipski A, Kumar S, , 2013. MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Mol Biol Evol 30: 27252729.[Crossref]
  15. Raoult D, Dutour O, Houhamdi L, Jankauskas R, Fournier PE, Ardagna Y, Drancourt M, Signoli M, La VD, Macia Y, Aboudharam G, , 2006. Evidence for louse-transmitted diseases in soldiers of Napoleon's Grand Army in Vilnius. J Infect Dis 193: 112120.[Crossref]
  16. Lewis B, , 1992. Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[Crossref]
  17. Richards M, Rengo C, Cruciani F, Gratrix F, Wilson JF, Scozzari R, Macaulay V, Torroni A, , 2003. Extensive female-mediated gene flow from sub-Saharan Africa into near eastern Arab populations. Am J Hum Genet 72: 10581064.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0552
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0552
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 01 Sep 2014
  • Accepted : 21 Apr 2015

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error