Volume 91, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We inventoried non-surface water sources in the Leogane and Gressier region of Haiti (approximately 270 km) in 2012 and 2013 and screened water from 345 sites for fecal coliforms and . An international organization/non-governmental organization responsible for construction could be identified for only 56% of water points evaluated. Sixteen percent of water points were non-functional at any given time; 37% had evidence of fecal contamination, with spatial clustering of contaminated sites. Among improved water sources (76% of sites), 24.6% had fecal coliforms versus 80.9% in unimproved sources. Fecal contamination levels increased significantly from 36% to 51% immediately after the passage of Tropical Storm Sandy in October of 2012, with a return to 34% contamination in March of 2013. Long-term sustainability of potable water delivery at a regional scale requires ongoing assessment of water quality, functionality, and development of community-based management schemes supported by a national plan for the management of potable water.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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  • Received : 18 Mar 2014
  • Accepted : 13 Jun 2014
  • Published online : 01 Oct 2014
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