Volume 92, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We conducted a prospective evaluation to measure the physical durability of two brands of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) distributed during a campaign in 2008 in Nampula Province, Mozambique. Households with LLINs tagged during the campaign (6,000) were geo-located (34%) and a random sample was selected for each of 3 years of follow-up. The LLINs were evaluated in the field and a laboratory for presence of holes and a proportional hole index (pHI) was calculated following the World Health Organization guidelines. We performed 567 interviews (79.0%) and found 75.3% (72.1–78.4%) of households retained at least one LLIN after 3 years; the most common cause of attrition was damage beyond repair (51.0%). Hole damage was evident after 1 year, and increased by year. Olyset had a significantly greater mean number of holes and pHI compared with PermaNet 2.0 brand (all values ≤ 0.001). Additional information about LLIN durability is recommended to improve malaria control efforts.


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  • Received : 09 Jan 2014
  • Accepted : 12 Sep 2014
  • Published online : 04 Feb 2015

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