Volume 92, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Autochthonous dengue virus transmission has occurred in the continental United States with increased frequency during the last decade; the principal vector, , has expanded its geographic distribution in the southern United States. Dengue, a potentially fatal arboviral disease, is underreported, and US clinicians encountering patients with acute febrile illness consistent with dengue are likely to not be fully familiar with dengue diagnosis and management. Recently, investigators suggested that an outbreak of dengue likely occurred in Houston during 2003 based on retrospective laboratory testing of hospitalized cases with encephalitis and aseptic meningitis. Although certain aspects of the Houston testing results and argument for local transmission are doubtful, the report highlights the importance of prospective surveillance for dengue in -infested areas of the United States, the need for clinical training on dengue and its severe manifestations, and the need for laboratory testing in domestic patients presenting with febrile neurologic illness in these regions to include dengue.


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  • Received : 07 Jan 2014
  • Accepted : 21 Sep 2014
  • Published online : 06 May 2015

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