1921
Volume 91, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Meningococcal disease causes considerable morbidity and has a high case-fatality rate. In the United Kingdom, the meningococcal quadrivalent vaccine is recommended for travelers visiting the meningitis belt of Africa. We analyzed 302 responses to a cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 of travelers who had visited the meningitis belt recently or were shortly due to travel there. Using the results of an online questionnaire, we assessed knowledge and understanding of meningococcal disease and likelihood of uptake of meningococcal immunization before travel. Meningococcal vaccine uptake was 30.1%. Although global scores in the questionnaire did not correlate with vaccine uptake, knowledge of the meningitis belt and knowledge of certain key symptoms or signs were statistically associated with high vaccine uptake. We conclude that improved education of travelers may improve vaccine uptake before travel to the meningitis belt in Africa.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0763
2014-08-06
2017-09-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/91/2/281.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0763&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Boggild AK, Castelli F, Gautret P, Torresi J, von Sonnenburg F, Barnett ED, Greenaway CA, Lim PL, Schwartz E, Wilder-Smith A, Wilson ME, , 2010. Vaccine preventable diseases in returned international travelers: results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine 28: 73897395.[Crossref]
  2. Wilder-Smith A, , 2007. Meningococcal vaccine in travelers. Curr Opin Infect Dis 20: 454460.[Crossref]
  3. Koch S, Steffen R, , 1994. Meningococcal disease in travelers: vaccination recommendations. J Travel Med 1: 47.[Crossref]
  4. Moore PS, Harrison LH, Telzak EE, Ajello GW, Broome CV, , 1988. Group A meningococcal carriage in travelers returning from Saudi Arabia. JAMA 260: 26862689.[Crossref]
  5. Goldacre MJ, Maisonneuve JJ, , 2013. Mortality from meningococcal disease by day of the week: English national linked database study. J Public Health (Oxf) 35: 413421.[Crossref]
  6. Norheim G, Rosenqvist E, Aseffa A, Yassin MA, Mengistu G, Kassu A, Fikremariam D, Tamire W, Hoiby EA, Alebel T, Berhanu D, Merid Y, Harboe M, Caugant DA, , 2006. Characterization of Neisseria meningitidis isolates from recent outbreaks in Ethiopia and comparison with those recovered during the epidemic of 1988 to 1989. J Clin Microbiol 44: 861871.[Crossref]
  7. Boisier P, Mainassara HB, Sidikou F, Djibo S, Kairo KK, Chanteau S, , 2007. Case-fatality ratio of bacterial meningitis in the African meningitis belt: we can do better. Vaccine 25 (Suppl 1): A24A29.[Crossref]
  8. Toovey S, Jamieson A, Holloway M, , 2004. Travelers' knowledge, attitudes and practices on the prevention of infectious diseases: results from a study at Johannesburg International Airport. J Travel Med 11: 1622.[Crossref]
  9. Public Health England, 2013. Immunisation against Infectious Disease. The Green Book: Chapter 22. Meningococcal. London.
  10. Office of Populations, Censuses, and Surveys, 1991. Standard Occupational Classification. London: HMSO 3.
  11. Office of National Statistics UK, 2011. Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2010. London.
  12. Behrens RH, Alexander N, , 2013. Malaria knowledge and utilization of chemoprophylaxis in the UK population and in UK passengers departing to malaria-endemic areas. Malar J 12: 461.[Crossref]
  13. Wilder-Smith A, , 2009. Meningococcal vaccines: a neglected topic in travel medicine? Expert Rev Vaccines 8: 13431350.[Crossref]
  14. Black S, , 2010. Travelers' protection against meningococcal disease: a new vaccine option. J Travel Med 17 (Suppl): 1825.[Crossref]
  15. Hagmann S, Benavides V, Neugebauer R, Purswani M, , 2009. Travel health care for immigrant children visiting friends and relatives abroad: retrospective analysis of a hospital-based travel health service in a US urban underserved area. J Travel Med 16: 407412.[Crossref]
  16. Leder K, Tong S, Weld L, Kain KC, Wilder-Smith A, von Sonnenburg F, Black J, Brown GV, Torresi J, , 2006. Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Clin Infect Dis 43: 11851193.[Crossref]
  17. Angell SY, Cetron MS, , 2005. Health disparities among travelers visiting friends and relatives abroad. Ann Intern Med 142: 6772.[Crossref]
  18. Gautret P, Schlagenhauf P, Gaudart J, Castelli F, Brouqui P, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Parola P, , 2009. Multicenter EuroTravNet/GeoSentinel study of travel-related infectious diseases in Europe. Emerg Infect Dis 15: 17831790.[Crossref]
  19. Steffen R, , 2010. The risk of meningococcal disease in travelers and current recommendations for prevention. J Travel Med 17 (Suppl): 917.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0763
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0763
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 23 Dec 2013
  • Accepted : 22 Apr 2014

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error