Volume 91, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Currently, the body louse is the only recognized vector of , an organism that causes trench fever. In this work, we investigated the prevalence of this bacterium in human lice in different African countries. We tested 616 head lice and 424 body lice from nine African countries using real-time polymerase chain reaction targeting and specific genes. Overall, DNA was found in 54% and 2% of body and head lice, respectively. Our results also show that there are more body lice positive for in poor countries, which was determined by the gross domestic product, than in wealthy areas (228/403 versus 0/21, < 0.001). A similar finding was obtained for head lice (8/226 versus 2/390, = 0.007). Our findings suggest that head lice in Africa may be infected by when patients live in poor economic conditions and are also exposed to body lice.


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  • Received : 05 Dec 2013
  • Accepted : 14 Feb 2014
  • Published online : 06 Aug 2014

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