Volume 91, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



An outbreak of anthrax was reported in Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, China in 2012. Laboratory confirmation of cases was made by detection of genes , , and using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR); source tracking was conducted by multiple locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA) and sequencing using DNA extracted from case specimens and meat from a suspected slaughtered cow. The genotypes were MLVA type 57 and genotype I. Combined with the field epidemiological data, the four cutaneous anthrax cases most likely were caused by butchering of the sick cow. Backward tracing of animal cases identified the region of origin, and some public health measures, such as reactive or preventative animal vaccination for cattle, intersectoral cooperation, ensuring proper pre-slaughter inspection, and educating butchers and villagers about this disease, could be used to prevent infection.


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  • Received : 31 Oct 2013
  • Accepted : 06 Jun 2014
  • Published online : 03 Sep 2014

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