Volume 91, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Fever caused by was recently shown to play an important role in infectious diseases morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. We collected 68 cotton swabs from fever-associated eschars in four different regions of Senegal. In 5 of 68 eschar samples (7.4%), we have identified DNA from . In 49 of 68 eschar samples (72.1%), we have identified DNA from . In 35 of 68 eschar samples (51.5%), we have identified DNA from , and in 4 of 68 eschar samples (5.9%), we have identified DNA from . In 34 cases, was found together with . DNA from was also found in swabs from the skin of the healthy Senegalese villagers (3 of 60; 5%) but not French urbanites. The presence of and was significantly associated with the presence of eschars in febrile patients compared with the healthy skin from the control group. Finally, we confirmed that Senegal is an endemic region for , which is found in both eschars and healthy skin swabs.


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  • Received : 28 Oct 2013
  • Accepted : 06 Jun 2014
  • Published online : 05 Nov 2014

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