Volume 90, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We surveyed Peace Corps Medical Officers (PCMOs) to determine the frequency of and responses to possible rabies exposures of U.S. Peace Corps volunteers (PCVs). Surveys were sent to 56 PCMOs serving in countries with moderate or high rabies vaccine recommendations from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), of which 38 (68%) responded. Thirty-seven PCMOs reported that, of 4,982 PCVs, 140 (3%) experienced possible rabies exposures. Of these, 125 (89%) had previously received rabies vaccination, 129 (92%) presented with adequately cleansed wounds, and 106 (76%) were deemed to require and were given post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Of 35 respondents, 30 (86%) reported that rabies vaccine was always accessible to PCVs in their country within 24 hours. Overall, the Peace Corps is successful at preventing and treating possible rabies exposures. However, this study identified a few gaps in policy implementation. The Peace Corps should continue and strengthen efforts to provide education, preexposure vaccination, and PEP to PCVs.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. WHO, 2004. WHO Expert Consultation on Rabies: First Report. WHO Technical Report Series. Volume 931. Geneva: WHO.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Rupprecht CE, Shlim DR, 2012. Rabies. Brunette GW, Kozarsky PE, Magill AJ, Whatley AD, eds. Health Information for International Travel 2012. New York: Oxford University Press, 272278.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Gautret P, Parola P, 2012. Rabies vaccination for international travelers. Vaccine 30: 126133.[Crossref]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Piyaphanee W, Kittitrakul C, Lawpoosri S, Gautret P, Kashino W, Chaoenpong W, Ponam T, Sibunruang S, Phumratanaprapin W, Tantawichien T, 2012. Risk of potentially rabid animal exposure among foreign travelers in Southeast Asia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6: e1852.[Crossref]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013. Travelers' Health Destinations. Available at: www.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list. Accessed February 8, 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Peace Corps, 2012. Fast Facts. Available at: http://www.peacecorps.gov/about/fastfacts/. Accessed February 8, 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bernard KW, Fishbein DB, 1991. Pre-exposure rabies prophylaxis for travelers: are the benefits worth the cost? Vaccine 9: 833836.[Crossref]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Peace Corps, 2012. What about Safety? Available at: http://www.peacecorps.gov/learn/safety/. Accessed February 8, 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Jentes ES, Blanton JD, Johnson KJ, Petersen BW, Lamias MJ, Robertson K, Franka R, Briggs D, Costa P, Lai I, Quarry D, Rupprecht CE, Marano N, Brunette GW, 2013. The global availability of rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine in clinics providing direct care to travelers. J Travel Med 20: 148158.[Crossref]
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 09 Sep 2013
  • Accepted : 05 Feb 2014
  • Published online : 07 May 2014
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error