Volume 91, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



This study was designed to examine the height-for-age -scores (HAZ), and the prevalence of intestinal inflammation, gastrointestinal infections with parasites, and enteroaggregative (EAEC) in rural Panamanian children. Stool microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing for EAEC detected (32%, 32 of 100) and EAEC (13%, 11 of 87) in the study participants, respectively. Anthropometric analyses showed that those children who were > 12 months of age had lower HAZ scores (mean of −1.449) than the reference population. As a group, the children in the study 1 to 5 years of age did not show recovery from the previously mentioned decline in terms of their HAZ. The HAZ means of the children infected with , EAEC, and were −1.49, −1.67, and −2.11, respectively. Furthermore, the study participants with and EAEC infections in the presence of lactoferrin showed another decrease of 0.19 and 0.13, respectively, in their HAZ means.


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  • Received : 30 Jul 2013
  • Accepted : 02 Jun 2014
  • Published online : 06 Aug 2014

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