Volume 90, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We conducted a case–control study to examine associations between parasite infection, including protozoa infection, and tuberculosis (TB) in children in Lima, Peru. We enrolled 189 matched-pairs. In multivariable conditional logistic regression analyses, infection (rate ratio = 0.30, 95% confidence interval = 0.14–0.64, = 0.002) was strongly associated with a lower risk of TB. We observed a statistically significant inverse linear dose-response relationship between infection and TB. These findings should be confirmed in future prospective studies.


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  • Received : 23 Jul 2013
  • Accepted : 24 Nov 2013
  • Published online : 05 Feb 2014

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