1921
Volume 90, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Millennium Development Goal Target 7c (to halve between 1990 and 2015 the proportion of the global population without sustainable access to safe drinking water), was celebrated as achieved in 2012. However, new studies show that we may be prematurely celebrating. Access to safe drinking water may be overestimated if microbial water quality is considered. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between microbial drinking water quality and drinking water source in the Puerto Plata region of the Dominican Republic. This study analyzed microbial drinking water quality data from 409 households in 33 communities. Results showed that 47% of improved drinking water sources were of high to very-high risk water quality, and therefore unsafe for drinking. This study provides evidence that the current estimate of safe water access may be overly optimistic, and microbial water quality data are needed to reliably assess the safety of drinking water.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0380
2014-01-08
2017-09-24
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References

  1. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2012. Country Reports. Geneva: World Health Organization.
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  3. UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2012. Progress on Sanitation and Drinking-water: 2012 Update. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  4. Onda K, LoBuglio J, Bartram J, , 2012. Global access to safe water: accounting for water quality and the resulting impact on MDG progress. Int J Environ Res Public Health 9: 880894.[Crossref]
  5. OECD/WHO, 2003. Assessing Microbial Safety of Drinking Water: Improving Approaches and Methods. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  6. WHO, 2012. Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, Fourth edition. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  7. Brown J, Hien VT, McMahan L, Jenkins MW, Thie L, Liang K, Printy E, Sobsey MD, , 2013. Relative benefits on on-plot water supply over other ‘improved’ sources in rural Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health 18: 6574.[Crossref]
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  • Received : 26 Jun 2013
  • Accepted : 29 Sep 2013

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