Volume 89, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We determined the prevalence of seven clinically important pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (, , , , herpes simplex virus 1 [HSV-1], HSV-2, and ), by using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (M-PCR) in samples from Brazilian woman infected with human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) and uninfected Brazilian women (controls). The M-PCR assay identified all STIs tested for and surprisingly, occurred association between the control and STIs. This association was probably caused by excellent HIV infection control and regular monitoring in these women established by public health strategies in Brazil to combat HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Studies using this M-PCR in different populations may help to better elucidate the roles of STIs in several conditions.


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  • Received : 02 Jun 2013
  • Accepted : 30 Aug 2013

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