Volume 90, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The prevalence and identity of and in urban rat and flea populations were evaluated in Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by molecular tools. An overall prevalence of 17% species and 13% , the agent of murine typhus, was found in the cosmopolitan rat species, and that were infested by a majority of fleas. , and three genotypes were identified by sequencing in rat specimens, mostly in . was detected in 72% of pools, the main vector and reservoir of this zoonotic pathogen. Co-infections were observed in rodents, suggesting a common mammalian host shared by and spp. Thus, both infections are endemic in DRC and the medical staffs need to be aware knowing the high prevalence of impoverished populations or immunocompromised inhabitants in this area.


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  • Received : 23 Apr 2013
  • Accepted : 29 Sep 2013
  • Published online : 05 Mar 2014

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