Volume 89, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We aim to construct a diagnostic model for bacterial coinfection in dengue patients (Dengue Dual Infection Score [DDIS]); 2,065 adult dengue patients (mean age = 41.9 ± 17.2 years, 58.4% male, 83 patients with bacterial coinfection) seen at a university hospital from January of 2005 to February of 2010 were studied. The DDIS was created by assigning one point to each of five risk factors for bacterial coinfection: pulse rate ≥ 90 beats/minute, total white cell count ≥ 6 × 10/L, hematocrit < 40%, serum sodium < 135 mmol/L, and serum urea ≥ 5 mmol/L. The DDIS identified bacterial coinfection (derivation set area under the curve = 0.793, 95% confidence interval = 0.732–0.854; validation set area under the curve = 0.761, 95% confidence interval = 0.637–0.886). A DDIS of ≥ 4 had a specificity of 94.4%, whereas a DDIS of ≥ 1 had a sensitivity of 94.4% for bacterial coinfection. The DDIS can help to select dengue patients for early bacterial cultures and empirical antibiotics.


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  • Received : 13 Apr 2013
  • Accepted : 24 Jul 2013
  • Published online : 09 Oct 2013

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