1921
Volume 89, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Q fever is a widespread zoonosis caused by , an obligate intracellular gram-negative bacterium. The investigation of infection in Zambian livestock was carried out using molecular detection techniques. A total of 489 cattle and 53 goat blood samples were collected from Chama, Chongwe, Monze, and Petauke districts in Zambia. Molecular screening by polymerase chain reaction was performed using -species-specific primers. In total, 38 cattle and 4 goat samples were positive. The prevalence of differed among the four sites, with Chama (Eastern province) recording the highest, although Monze (Southern province) did not record any case of the bacteria. This study reports the first genetic detection of in Zambia.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0162
2013-09-04
2019-11-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/89/3/518.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0162&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Marrie TJ, , 1990. Q fever—a review. Can Vet J 31: 555563. [Google Scholar]
  2. Maurin M, Raoult D, , 1999. Q fever. Clin Microbiol Rev 12: 518553. [Google Scholar]
  3. van Loenhout JA, Paget WJ, Vercoulen JH, Wijkmans CJ, Hautvast JL, van der Velden K, , 2012. Assessing the long-term health impact of Q-fever in The Netherlands: a prospective cohort study started in 2007 on the largest documented Q-fever outbreak to date. BMC Infect Dis 12: 280285.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. Thompson HA, Dennis DT, Dasch GA, Goodman JL, Dennis DT, Sonenshine DE, , 2005. Q fever. , eds. Tick-Borne Diseases of Humans. Washington, DC: ASM Press, 328342.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  5. Woldehiwet Z, , 2004. Q fever (coxiellosis): epidemiology and pathogenesis. Res Vet Sci 77: 93100.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  6. Kelly PJ, Matthewman LA, Mason PR, Raoult D, , 1993. Q fever in Zimbabwe. A review of the disease and the results of a serosurvey of humans, cattle, goats and dogs. S Afr Med J 83: 2125. [Google Scholar]
  7. Dupont HT, Brouqui P, Faugere B, Raoult D, , 1995. Prevalence of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsia conorii, and Rickettsia typhi in seven African countries. Clin Infect Dis 21: 11261133.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Ghirotti M, Semproni G, De Meneghi D, Mungaba FN, Nannini D, Calzetta G, Paganico G, , 1991. Sero-prevalences of selected cattle diseases in the Kafue flats of Zambia. Vet Res Commun 15: 2536.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. Okabayashi T, Hasebe F, Samui KL, Mweene AS, Pandey SG, Yanase T, Muramatsu Y, Ueno H, Morita C, , 1999. Prevalence of antibodies against spotted fever, murine typhus, and Q fever rickettsiae in humans living in Zambia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 61: 7072. [Google Scholar]
  10. Ratmanov P, Bassene H, Fenollar F, Tall A, Sokhna C, Raoult D, Mediannikov O, , 2013. The correlation of Q fever and Coxiella burnetii DNA in household environments in rural Senegal. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 13: 7072.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. Willems H, Thiele D, Frölich-Ritter R, Krauss H, , 1994. Detection of Coxiella burnetii in cow's milk using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Zentralbl Veterinarmed B 41: 580587. [Google Scholar]
  12. Berri M, Laroucau K, Rodolakis A, , 2000. The detection of Coxiella burnetii from ovine genital swabs, milk and fecal samples by the use of a single touchdown polymerase chain reaction. Vet Microbiol 72: 285293.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  13. Vaidya VM, Malik SV, Kaur S, Kumar S, Barbuddhe SB, , 2008. Comparison of PCR, immunofluorescence assay, and pathogen isolation for diagnosis of Q fever in humans with spontaneous abortions. J Clin Microbiol 46: 20382044.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  14. Fishbein DB, Raoult D, , 1992. A cluster of Coxiella burnetii infections associated with exposure to vaccinated goats and their unpasteurized dairy products. Am J Trop Med Hyg 47: 3540. [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0162
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0162
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 27 Mar 2013
  • Accepted : 14 Jun 2013
  • Published online : 04 Sep 2013

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error