Volume 89, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Two cases of melioidosis at a residence in rural northern Australia were linked to the unchlorinated domestic bore (automated well) water supply, which was found to have a high concentration of . Using multilocus sequence typing, clinical isolates from both cases were identical to an isolate from the bore water supply. A simple UV sterilizer reduced from the domestic water supply to undetectable levels. We have shown that UV treatment is highly effective for remediation of water contaminated with and recommend its consideration in households where individuals may be at heightened risk of contracting melioidosis.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Wiersinga WJ, Currie BJ, Peacock SJ, , 2012. Melioidosis. N Engl J Med 367: 10351044.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. Currie BJ, Ward L, Cheng AC, , 2010. The epidemiology and clinical spectrum of melioidosis: 540 cases from the 20 year Darwin prospective study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4: e900.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  3. Parameswaran U, Baird RW, Ward LM, Currie BJ, , 2012. Melioidosis at Royal Darwin Hospital in the big 2009–2010 wet season: comparison with the preceding 20 years. Med J Aust 196: 345348.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. Ketterer PJ, Webster WR, Shield J, Arthur RJ, Blackall PJ, Thomas AD, , 1986. Melioidosis in intensive piggeries in south eastern Queensland. Aust Vet J 63: 146149.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  5. Currie BJ, Mayo M, Anstey NM, Donohoe P, Haase A, Kemp DJ, , 2001. A cluster of melioidosis cases from an endemic region is clonal and is linked to the water supply using molecular typing of Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates. Am J Trop Med Hyg 65: 177179. [Google Scholar]
  6. Inglis TJ, Garrow SC, Henderson M, Clair A, Sampson J, O'Reilly L, Cameron B, , 2000. Burkholderia pseudomallei traced to water treatment plant in Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 6: 5659. [Google Scholar]
  7. Hampton V, Kaestli M, Mayo M, Choy JL, Harrington G, Richardson L, Benedict S, Noske R, Garnett ST, Godoy D, Spratt BG, Currie BJ, , 2011. Melioidosis in birds and Burkholderia pseudomallei dispersal, Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 17: 13101312.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Mayo M, Kaesti M, Harrington G, Cheng AC, Ward L, Karp D, Jolly P, Godoy D, Spratt BG, Currie BJ, , 2011. Burkholderia pseudomallei in unchlorinated domestic bore water, tropical Northern Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 17: 12831285.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. Parrotta MJ, Bekdash F, , 1998. UV disinfection of small groundwater supplies. J Am Water Works Assoc 90: 7181. [Google Scholar]
  10. Sagripanti JL, Levy A, Robertson J, Merritt A, Inglis TJ, , 2009. Inactivation of virulent Burkholderia pseudomallei by sunlight. Photochem Photobiol 85: 978986.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. Novak RT, Glass MB, Gee JE, Gal D, Mayo MJ, Currie BJ, Wilkins P, , 2006. Development and evaluation of a real-time PCR assay targeting the type III secretion system of Burkholderia pseudomallei . J Clin Microbiol 44: 8590.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  12. Inglis TJ, Sagripanti JL, , 2006. Environmental factors that affect the survival and persistence of Burkholderia pseudomallei . Appl Environ Microbiol 72: 68656875.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  13. Draper AD, Mayo M, Harrington G, Karp D, Yinfoo D, Ward L, Haslem A, Currie BJ, Kaestli M, , 2010. Association of the melioidosis agent Burkholderia pseudomallei with water parameters in rural water supplies in Northern Australia. Appl Environ Microbiol 76: 53055307.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  14. Godoy D, Randle G, Simpson AJ, Aanensen DM, Pitt TL, Kinoshita R, Spratt BG, , 2003. Multilocus sequence typing and evolutionary relationships among the causative agents of melioidosis and glanders, Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei . J Clin Microbiol 41: 20682079.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 23 Feb 2013
  • Accepted : 13 May 2013
  • Published online : 07 Aug 2013

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error