1921
Volume 88, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

The expanding economy of Qatar in the last two decades has attracted immigrants, often from countries with poor socio-economic levels. Many arrive with patent intestinal parasitic infections, and recent analyses have indicated consistently rising trends in the prevalence of some infections. Here, we examined 18,563 hospital records of subjects in Qatar seeking medical assistance for a variety of ailments, combining data from 2009 to 2011 with the earlier dataset from 2005 to 2008 to enable trends to be identified across a 7-year period. We found that 8.6% were infected with one or more species of parasites, however in contrast to the earlier period (2005–2008), in the latter 3 years there were falling trends of prevalence providing some optimism that parasitic infections among the resident immigrants have begun to decline. We identified also geographic regions from which resident workers still maintain a relatively high prevalence of helminth infections despite their long-term residence in Qatar.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0006
2013-06-05
2017-11-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/88/6/1185.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0006&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Abu-Madi MA, Behnke JM, Ismail A, , 2008. Patterns of infection with intestinal parasites in Qatar among food handlers and housemaids from different geographical regions or origin. Acta Trop 106: 213220.[Crossref]
  2. Abu-Madi MA, Behnke JM, Doiphode SH, , 2010. Changing trends in intestinal parasitic infections among long-term-residents and settled immigrants in Qatar. Parasite Vector 3: 98.[Crossref]
  3. Abu-Madi MA, Behnke JM, Ismail A, Al-Olaqi N, Al-Zaher K, El-Ibrahim R, , 2011. Comparison of intestinal parasitic infection in newly arrived and resident workers in Qatar. Parasite Vector 4: 211.[Crossref]
  4. Rohlf FJ, Sokal RR, , 1995. Statistical Tables. Third edition. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman and Company.
  5. Sharma1 BK, Rai SK, Rai DR, Choudhury DR, , 2004. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in schoolchildren in the northeastern part of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 35: 501504.
  6. Khanal LK, Choudhury DR, Rai SK, Sapkota J, Barakoti A, Amatya R, Hada S, , 2011. Prevalence of intestinal worm infestations among school children in Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal Med Coll J 13: 272274.
  7. Shah BK, Baig LA, , 2005. Association of anemia with parasitic infestation in pregnant Nepalese women. Results from a hospital based study done in eastern Nepal. J Ayub Med Coll 17: 59.
  8. Shakya B, Bhargava D, Shrestha S, Rijal BP, , 2009. Intestinal parasitosis. J Inst Med 31: 3.
  9. Palmer ED, , 1955. Course of egg output over a 15 year period in a case of experimentally induced Necatoriasis americanus, in the absence of hyperinfection. Am J Trop Med Hyg 4: 756757.
  10. Beaver PC, , 1988. Light, long-lasting Necator infection in a volunteer. Am J Trop Med Hyg 39: 369372.
  11. Abu-Madi MA, Behnke JM, Prabhaker KS, Al-Ibrahim R, Lewis JW, , 2010. Intestinal helminths of feral cat populations from urban and sub-urban districts of Qatar. Vet Parasitol 168: 284292.[Crossref]
  12. Vercruysse J, Albonico M, Behnke JM, Kotze AC, Prichard RK, McCarthy JS, Montresor A, Levecke B, , 2011. Is anthelmintic resistance a concern for the control of human soil-transmitted helminths? Int J Parasitol: Drugs and Drug Resistance 1: 1427.[Crossref]
  13. De Clercq D, Sacko M, Behnke J, Gilbert F, Dorny P, Vercruysse J, , 1997. Failure of mebendazole in treatment of human hookworm infections in the Southern Region of Mali. Am J Trop Med Hyg 57: 2530.
  14. Albonico M, Bickle Q, Ramsan M, Montresor A, Savioli L, Taylor M, , 2003. Efficacy of mebendazole and levamisole alone or in combination against intestinal nematode infections after repeated targeted mebendazole treatment in Zanzibar. Bull World Health Organ 81: 343352.
  15. Flohr C, Tuyen LN, Lewis S, Minh TT, Campbell J, Britton J, Williams H, Hien TT, Farrar J, Quinnell RJ, , 2007. Low efficacy of mebendazole against hookworm in Vietnam: two randomized controlled trials. Am J Trop Med Hyg 76: 732736.
  16. Humphries D, Mosites E, Otchere J, Twum WA, Woo L, Jones-Sanpei H, Harrison LM, Bungiro RD, Benham-Pyle B, Bimi L, Edoh D, Bosompem K, Wilson LM, Cappello M, , 2011. Epidemiology of hookworm infection in Kintampo North Municipality, Ghana: patterns of malaria coinfection, anemia, and albendazole treatment failure. Am J Trop Med Hyg 84: 792800.[Crossref]
  17. Boorom KF, Smith H, Nimri L, Viscogliosi E, Spanakos G, Parkar U, Li L-H, Zhou X-N, Ok UZ, Leelayoova S, Jones MS, , 2008. Oh my aching gut: irritable bowel syndrome, Blastocystis and asymptomatic infection. Parasite Vector 1: 40.[Crossref]
  18. Stensvold CR, Nielsen HV, Mølbak K, Smith HV, , 2009. Pursuing the clinical significance of Blastocystis – diagnostic limitations. Trends Parasitol 25: 2329.[Crossref]
  19. Stensvold CR, , 2012. Thinking Blastocystis out of the box. Trends Parasitol 28: 306.[Crossref]
  20. Scanlan PD, , 2012. Blastocystis: pitfalls and future perspectives. Trends Parasitol 28: 327334.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0006
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0006
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 05 Jan 2013
  • Accepted : 07 Feb 2013

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error