Volume 89, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The phylogenetic relationships among species of subcomplex (, , , , , and ) was addressed by using fragments of cytochrome oxidase I (COI), 16S rDNA (16S), and cytochrome (Cytb) through Bayesian and parsimony analyses. We did not recover a monophyletic subcomplex, and their members were found clustered in three strongly supported clades, as follows: i) + + + + ; ii) with as the sister group of clade (i); and iii) + , however not closely related to the clade formed by the previously mentioned species. The other two endemic species from Central-Western Brazil, and , were not recovered with strong clade support as related to other members of this subcomplex. Results call for a further revision in the classification of the subcomplexes within the genus .

[open-access] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene's Re-use License which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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  • Received : 30 Nov 2012
  • Accepted : 20 May 2013

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