Volume 89, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The vertical transmission of leishmaniasis has been reported in species that cause visceral leishmaniasis. However, this condition has scarcely been documented in species that cause cutaneous leishmaniasis. The aim of this study was to determine experimentally whether is transmitted vertically. A control group of BALB/c mice and a group infected with were mated, the gestation was monitored, and females were killed before delivery. Four resorptions ( = 0.023) and eight fetal deaths ( = 0.010) were observed in the infected female group; furthermore, the offspring body weight of the infected group was lower than the body weight of the healthy group ( = 0.009). DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed that all placentas and maternal spleens as well as 39 of 110 fetal spleens obtained from the offspring of infected mothers tested positive for . In conclusion, is transmitted transplacentally and causes fetal death, resorption, and reduction in offspring body weight.


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  • Received : 28 Nov 2012
  • Accepted : 20 May 2013
  • Published online : 07 Aug 2013

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