Volume 89, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The Nine Mile phase II clone 4 (NMIIC4) strain of is an attenuated phase II strain that has lost the genes for virulence determinant type 1 lipopolysaccharide. These bacteria were very virulent for severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. The lethal dose 50 (LD) was ∼10 bacteria. Infected SCID mice died between Day 28 and Day 53 post-infection. At termination of the experiment (Day 60) only 5 of 24 mice had survived. The degree of splenomegaly was directly related to the bacterial load in the SCID mice spleens. The NMIIC4 was avirulent in immunocompetent wild mice and bacterial DNA copies in splenic tissue were extremely low. The SCID mice that were inoculated with high doses of heat inactivated NMIIC4 were all alive at Day 60 and without splenomegaly. It appears that the phase I lipopolysaccharide present in virulent Nine Mile phase I but not in attenuated NMIIC4 is not the only virulence factor for .


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  • Received : 24 Oct 2012
  • Accepted : 24 Jul 2013
  • Published online : 09 Oct 2013

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