Volume 88, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We describe a case of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis related to visceral leishmaniasis in late adulthood. Because clinical features of visceral leishmaniasis can mimic those of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, diagnosing leishmaniasis as the underlying etiology can be quite challenging. In our case, treatment with amphotericin B resulted in a dramatic resolution of clinical abnormalities.


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  • Received : 11 Sep 2012
  • Accepted : 09 Dec 2012
  • Published online : 06 Mar 2013

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