Volume 89, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Melioidosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in northern Australia and Southeast Asia. Diagnosis is best made by isolation of from clinical specimens. A variety of clinical presentations are described, including neurologic disease. The aim of this study was to review admissions with confirmed neurologic melioidosis to a regional hospital in a region to which melioidosis is endemic during 1995–2011. There were 12 culture-confirmed cases of neurologic melioidosis, of which two were detected by analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. Four of these cases were in children. Significant clinical features were fever, headache, and ataxia. Common changes on magnetic resonance imaging T2-weighted scans included ring-enhancing lesions and leptomeningeal enhancement. There were four deaths and an additional four patients had significant long-term neurologic sequelae. When considering the etiology of undifferentiated neurologic disease, an awareness of the possibility of neurologic melioidosis is important in disease-endemic regions.


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  • Received : 11 Sep 2012
  • Accepted : 08 May 2013
  • Published online : 04 Sep 2013

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