Volume 89, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



A seroepidemiological study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults and local university students in the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Using a custom anti- immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the seroprevalence of was found to be significantly higher (75.3%; 146 of 193) in HIV-infected individuals compared with student volunteers (32.8%; 19 of 58) ( < 0.001). A more recent diagnosis of HIV was associated with anti- IgG seropositivity, as was lower weight among HIV-infected women. This is the first seroepidemiologic study of in rural South Africa, and it shows high endemicity among the HIV-infected population. In addition to raising the possibility of significant -related morbidities, this finding reveals that in Limpopo and perhaps in other low-income, rural populations, interrupting waterborne pathogen transmission will require strategies effective against environmentally hardy parasites such as .


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Supplementary PDF

  • Received : 04 Sep 2012
  • Accepted : 20 Apr 2013
  • Published online : 04 Sep 2013

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