Volume 88, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in Azerbaijan. The first human brucellosis case reported in 1922 was in Pardabil village of a region currently named Shabran. Household members of brucellosis index cases are a population at risk for brucellosis infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of seropositivity of brucellosis among household and neighboring community members of brucellosis index cases in Azerbaijan. Twenty-one household members of 8 index brucellosis cases and 27 community neighbors were serologically tested for evidence of exposure by the serum agglutination test. Of these, the brucellosis seropositivity rate was 9.5% and 7.4%, respectively. Screening of household members of index cases and individuals who live in proximity to infected household members is a practical approach to increase the detection of brucellosis exposure.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Seleem MN, Boyle SM, Sriranganathan N, , 2010. Brucellosis: a re-emerging zoonosis. Vet Microbiol 140: 392398.[Crossref]
  2. Godfroid J, Cloeckaert A, Liautard JP, Kohler S, Fretin D, Walravens K, Garin-Bastuji B, Letesson JJ, , 2005. From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosis. Vet Res 36: 313326.[Crossref]
  3. The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 2011. Available at: http://azstat.org/. Accessed January 27, 2012.
  4. Tabak F, Hakko E, Mete B, Ozaras R, Mert A, Ozturk R, , 2008. Is family screening necessary in brucellosis? Infection 36: 575577.[Crossref]
  5. Almuneef MA, Memish ZA, Balkhy HH, Alotaibi B, Algoda S, Abbas M, Alsubaie S, , 2004. Importance of screening household members of acute brucellosis cases in endemic areas. Epidemiol Infect 132: 533540.[Crossref]
  6. Martín-Moreno S, Guinea Esquerdo L, Carrero González P, Visedo Orden R, García Carbajosa S, Calvo del Olmo T, Reverte Cejudo D, , 1992. Diagnosis of brucellosis in an endemic area. Evaluation of routine diagnostic tests. Med Clin (Barc) 98: 481485.
  7. Alsubaie S, Almuneef M, Alshaalan M, Balkhy H, Albanyan E, Alola S, Alotaibi B, Memish ZA, , 2005. Acute brucellosis in Saudi families: relationship between Brucella serology and clinical symptoms. Int J Infect Dis 9: 218224.[Crossref]
  8. Gotuzzo E, Carrillo C, Seas C, Guerra J, Maguina C, , 1989. Epidemiological and clinical features of brucellosis in 39 family groups. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 10: 519524.
  9. Sofian M, Aghakhani A, Velayati AA, Banifazl M, Eslamifar A, Ramezani A, , 2008. Risk factors for human brucellosis in Iran: a case-control study. Int J Infect Dis 12: 157161.[Crossref]
  10. John K, Fitzpatrick J, French N, Kazwala R, Kambarage D, Mfinanga GS, MacMillan A, Cleaveland S, , 2010. Quantifying risk factors for human brucellosis in rural northern Tanzania. PLoS ONE 5: e9968.[Crossref]
  11. Purcell BK, Hoover DL, Friedlander AM, Sidell FR, Takafuji ET, Franz DV, , 1997. Brucellosis. , eds. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare (Textbook of Military Medicine). First edition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing, Chap 25.
  12. Romich JA, , 2007. Understanding Zoonotic Diseases. First edition. Independence, KY: Cengage Learning, 6473.

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 13 Jun 2012
  • Accepted : 15 Dec 2012

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error