1921
Volume 88, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in Ethiopia and the Amhara region. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and health-seeking practice in this region is essential to plan, implement, and evaluate advocacy, communication, and social mobilization work. This may improve the case detection rate. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients toward TB in the Eastern Amhara region of Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among suspected and confirmed TB patients who were 18 years of age and older. For this purpose, 422 participants were enrolled. A structured and pre-validated questionnaire was used to collect data. In addition χ and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to see an association with different variables. The mean and median knowledge score of respondents about pulmonary TB was 6.81 and 7, respectively. The majority of respondents had several misconceptions in all aspects of the most infectious form of TB. About half of the respondents did not know the current free cost of TB diagnosis and treatment. The 69.9% of respondents claimed that cost is the main reason for not getting care. The majority of respondents had several misconceptions about TB. The TB control program needs to consider advocacy, communication, and social mobilization for addressing the gap in the study sites.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0312
2013-04-03
2017-11-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/88/4/785.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0312&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Mathema B, Kurepina NE, Bifani PJ, Kreiswirth BN, , 2006. Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis: current insights. Clin Microbiol Rev 19: 658685.[Crossref]
  2. WHO, 2010/11. Global Tuberculosis Control Report. Available at: www.who.int/tb/data. Accessed March 14, 2011.
  3. WHO, 2010. Tuberculosis Profile. Available at: http://extranet.who.int/sree/reports?op=replet&ame=/whoHQ/STBTME/Public/TBCountryProfile&ISO2=ET&outtype=html. Accessed March 14, 2011.
  4. WHO, 2009. Global Tuberculosis Control: Epidemiology, Strategy, Finances. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  5. Ministry of Health, 2008. National Tuberculosis Control Program in Ethiopia. Ethiopia: Ministry of Health.
  6. Lawn SD, Afful B, Acheampong JW, , 2006. Pulmonary tuberculosis: diagnostic delay. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4: 11901191.
  7. Demissie M, Lindtjorn B, Berhane Y, , 2009. Patient and health service delay in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. BMC Public Health 2: 23.[Crossref]
  8. Hoa NP, Chuc NT, Thorson A, , 2009. KAP about tuberculosis and choice of communication channels. Health Policy 90: 812.[Crossref]
  9. Mushtaq MU, Majrooh MA, Ahmad W, Rizwan M, Luqman MQ, Aslam MJ, Siddiqui AM, Akram J, Shad MA, , 2010. KAP regarding tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14: 303310.
  10. Mushtaq MU, Shahid U, Abdullah HM, Saeed A, Omer F, Shad MA, Siddiqui AM, Akram J, , 2011. Urban-rural inequities in KAP regarding tuberculosis. Int J Equity Health 10: 8.[Crossref]
  11. Storla DG, Yimer S, Bjune GA, , 2008. A systematic review of delay in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis. BMC Public Health 8: 15.[Crossref]
  12. Jurcev Savicevic, Popovic-Grle A, Milovac S, Ivcevic S, Vukasovic I, Viali M, Zivkovic V, , 2008. Tuberculosis knowledge among patients in out-patient settings. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12: 780785.
  13. Mesfin MM, Tasew TW, Tareke IG, Mulugeta GW, Richard MJ, , 2005. KAP on pulmonary tuberculosis and their choice of treatment supervisor. Ethiop J Health Dev 19: 2127.
  14. Yousif TK, Mahmoud AL, Khayat I, , 2009. Survey of KAP: enhanced response to TB ACSM. Middle East J Family Med 7: 713.
  15. Irani L, Kabalimu TK, Kasesela S, , 2007. Knowledge and healthcare seeking behaviour of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Tanzan Health Res Bull 9: 169173.
  16. Khan JA, Irfan M, Zaki A, Beg M, , 2006. Knowledge, attitude and misconception regarding tuberculosis in Pakistan patients. JPMA 56: 211.
  17. Central Statistical Agency, 2005/06. Summery and statistical report of the population and census, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available at: http://www.csa.gov.et/.
  18. WHO, 2008. Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization for TB Control: A Guide to Developing KAP Surveys. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  19. Hoa NP, Thorson AE, Long NH, Diwan VK, , 2003. Knowledge of tuberculosis and associated health-seeking behaviour among rural Vietnamese adults with a cough for at least three weeks. Scand J Public Health Suppl 62: 5965.
  20. Long Q, Li Y, Wang Y, Yue Y, Tang C, Tang S, Squire SB, Tolhurst R, , 2008. Barriers to accessing TB diagnosis for rural-to-urban migrants with chronic cough. BMC Health Serv Res 8: 202.[Crossref]
  21. Shetty N, Shemko M, Abbas A, , 2004. KAP regarding tuberculosis among immigrates of Somalian ethnic origin. Commun Dis Public Health 7: 7782.
  22. Yimer S, Holm-Hansen C, Yimaldu T, Bjune G, , 2009. Health care seeking among pulmonary tuberculosis suspects and patients in rural Ethiopia. BMC Public Health 9: 454.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0312
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0312
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 16 May 2012
  • Accepted : 10 Dec 2012

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error